ISSN 1662-4009 (online)

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Yearbook of Paediatric Endocrinology 2021

2. Antenatal and Neonatal Endocrinology

Neonatal diabetes mellitus

ey0018.2-8 | Neonatal diabetes mellitus | ESPEYB18

2.8. Long-term Follow-up of Glycemic and Neurological Outcomes in an International Series of Patients With Sulfonylurea-Treated ABCC8 Permanent Neonatal Diabetes.

P Bowman , F Mathews , F Barbetti , MH Shepherd , J Sanchez , B Piccini , J Beltrand , LR Letourneau-Freiberg , M Polak , SAW Greeley , E Rawlins , T Babiker , NJ Thomas , E De Franco , S Ellard , SE Flanagan , AT Hattersley , Neonatal Diabetes International Collaborative Group

Diabetes Care. 2021 Jan;44(1):35–42. doi: 10.2337/dc20-1520. PMID: 33184150.The key findings from this cohort of patients with ABCC8 neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) are: A) good glycaemic control is maintained over the long-term without any serious adverse events (including severe hypoglycaemia) despite high doses of sulphonylurea, B) some patients show improvements in neurologica...

ey0018.2-9 | Neonatal diabetes mellitus | ESPEYB18

2.9. Differences between transient neonatal diabetes mellitus subtypes can guide diagnosis and therapy.

R Bonfanti , D Iafusco , I Rabbone , G Diedenhofen , C Bizzarri , PI Patera , P Reinstadler , F Costantino , V Calcaterra , L Iughetti , S Savastio , A Favia , F Cardella , D Lo Presti , Y Girtler , S Rabbiosi , G D'Annunzio , A Zanfardino , A Piscopo , F Casaburo , L Pintomalli , L Russo , V Grasso , N Minuto , M Mucciolo , A Novelli , A Marucci , B Piccini , S Toni , F Silvestri , P Carrera , A Rigamonti , G Frontino , M Trada , D Tinti , M Delvecchio , N Rapini , R Schiaffini , C Mammi , F Barbetti

Eur J Endocrinol. 2021 Apr;184(4):575–585. doi: 10.1530/EJE-20-1030. PMID: 33606663.These authors examined the likelihood of remission of diabetes without pharmacological therapy in a retrospective analysis of 34 Italian patients with Transient neonatal diabetes (TNDM).TNDM is a type of neonatal diabetes that remits within the first a few months of life. It is most ...

ey0018.2-10 | Neonatal diabetes mellitus | ESPEYB18

2.10. NKX2-2 mutation causes congenital diabetes and infantile obesity with paradoxical glucose-induced ghrelin secretion.

A Auerbach , A Cohen , N Ofek Shlomai , A Weinberg-Shukron , S Gulsuner , MC King , R Hemi , E Levy-Lahad , A Abulibdeh , D Zangen

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Nov 1;105(11):dgaa563. doi: 10.1210/clinem/dgaa563. PMID: 32818257.This manuscript describes an unusual case of a baby born with a homozygous Nkx2.2 mutation who developed severe neonatal diabetes mellitus and then on follow up went onto develop severe obesity characterized by marked hyperphagia.Nkx2.2 is an important transcription factor...

ey0018.2-11 | Neonatal diabetes mellitus | ESPEYB18

2.11. YIPF5 mutations cause neonatal diabetes and microcephaly through endoplasmic reticulum stress

E De Franco , M Lytrivi , H Ibrahim , H Montaser , MN Wakeling , F Fantuzzi , K Patel , C Demarez , Y Cai , M Igoillo-Esteve , C Cosentino , V Lithovius , H Vihinen , E Jokitalo , TW Laver , MB Johnson , T Sawatani , H Shakeri , N Pachera , B Haliloglu , MN Ozbek , E Unal , R Yıldırım , T Godbole , M Yildiz , B Aydin , A Bilheu , I Suzuki , SE Flanagan , P Vanderhaeghen , V Senee , C Julier , P Marchetti , DL Eizirik , S Ellard , J Saarimaki-Vire , T Otonkoski , M Cnop , AT Hattersley

J Clin Invest. 2020 Dec 1;130(12):6338–6353. doi: 10.1172/JCI141455. PMID: 33164986.This manuscript describes a novel disorder due to homozygous mutations in the YIPF5 gene which cause a complex syndrome of neonatal/early onset diabetes mellitus, epilepsy and microcephaly. The underlying mechanism of the diabetes involves the accumulation of proinsulin (unable to be transported to the Golgi...

ey0018.2-12 | Neonatal diabetes mellitus | ESPEYB18

2.12. Neonatal diabetes mutations disrupt a chromatin pioneering function that activates the human insulin gene

I Akerman , MA Maestro , E De Franco , V Grau , S Flanagan , J Garcia-Hurtado , G Mittler , P Ravassard , L Piemonti , S Ellard , AT Hattersley , J Ferrer

Cell Rep. 2021 Apr 13;35(2):108981. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2021.108981. PMID: 33852861.Mutations in the promotor region of the insulin gene are associated with a subtype of neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM). These mutations lead to abnormal transcription of the insulin gene and do so by deleting the C1 and E1 cis regulatory elements, or three different single base-pair substitutions in ...